The Government Accounting Manual (GAM) is prescribed by COA pursuant to Article IX-D, Section 2 par. Auditing (ISA) as benchmarks, and draws on international experience and good practices in the field of accounting and audit regulation. EUFEMIO C. DOMINGO Chairman BARTOLOME C. FERNANDEZ, JR ROGELIO B. ESPIRITU Commissioner Commissioner HOW TO USE THE GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING AND AUDITING MANUAL (GAAM) The Government Accounting and Auditing Manual is divided into three volumes. Disclaimer: The information on this site is intended as a general reference for internet users. It is divided into two parts: Part I â Guidelines outlines the basic concepts and principles of internal audit, and the policies and standards that will guide government â¦ It is made available on the understanding that The Bureau of The Treasury (BTr), as a result of providing this information, is not engaged in providing professional advice. Presidential Decree No. This Government Accounting and Auditing Manual will take effect on January 1, 1992. The New Government Accounting System: Issues in Public Audit 1 Introduction Historically, the growth of government auditing and accounting in the Philippines was greatly influenced by the administrative practices in the United States, so much so that during the time that the General Accounting Office in the United States was responsible for the governmentâs accounting, that â¦ PICPA, Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants Certification and Auditing Philippines Financial Reporting Standards Council (FRSC), established by the Board of Accountancy (a government agency) in 2006, establishes generally accepted accounting principles in the Philippines. Economic growth in the Philippines has been rising since 2001, however averaging 4.5 â¦ 3 2. State audit is the analytical and systematic examination and verification of financial transactions, operations, accounts and reports of any government agency for the purpose of determining their accuracy, integrity, and authenticity, and satisfying the requirements of law, The Philippine Government Internal Audit Manual (PGIAM) was developed to empower Internal Auditors in performing their roles. The Philippine Association for Government Budget Administration (PAGBA), Inc. 2nd Quarterly Seminar and Meeting 07 July 2016, Pryce Plaza Hotel, Cagayan de Oro City By: LUZVI PANGAN CHATTO Director IV Accounting Systems Development and Other Services Office Government Accountancy Sector Commission on Audit GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTING MANUAL Internal Auditing in Philippine Government: Initiatives, Issues, and Prospects Legal Basis The Government Accounting Manual (GAM) is prescribed by COA pursuant to Article IX-D, Section 2 par. The Philippines population is 85.2 million. 898 1976 has given the Commission on Audit (COA) the authority and power on all matters relating to auditing and accounting procedures, systems, and controls for the Philippine government.