Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Iceland, Iceland - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Iceland - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). You can click on the plus sign and move with the arrows to the left and make the island bigger, then you see the major cities and if you click satellite on the top right, then you can see the volcanos clearer too. Here are 10 lesser know facts about the island. The Icelandic sagas, most of which recount heroic episodes that took place at the time the island was settled, are regarded as among the finest literary achievements of the Middle Ages, reflecting a European outlook while commemorating the history and customs of a people far removed from continental centres of commerce and culture. Many names have been used to refer to Iceland in the Icelandic language. 0 0. tip. Time-lapse video of the southern coast of Iceland. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The noxious gas clouds blotted out the sun across Europe and caused freak weather events, such as acid rain and floods. In Icelandic. The outer layer is tough, long, and water-resistant, while the inner layer is soft and insulating. For eight months in 1783 and 1784, the catastrophic Laki eruption spewed forth 30 billion tons of lava and hundreds of millions of tons of ash and sulfuric acid. What Is Iceland Known For. Although Iceland cooperated with the Allies, it officially remained neutral during the war. Far in the eternal yonder sea your island wakes. Iceland's best-known classical works of literature are the Icelanders' sagas, prose epics set in Iceland's age of settlement. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of North America (which the Norse called Vinland). Giving books as gifts is so common in Iceland that a free book catalog is delivered to each home in the autumn in time for the annual “Christmas Book Flood.”. Ireland, not Iceland, is known as the Emerald Isle. As Iceland celebrates the 70th anniversary of its independence, explore 10 surprising facts about the island nation. The largest, Deildartunguhver, emits nearly 50 gallons (190 litres) of boiling water per second. However it is one of the only countries that uses a lot of geothermal energy. A national referendum led to the legalization of most alcoholic beverages in 1935 with one exception—beer containing more than 2.25 percent alcohol. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The highest point is 6,952 feet (2,119 metres), at Hvannadals Peak, the top of Öræfajökull in Vatnajökull. Here are some amazing facts about Iceland that you should know. Because of its extensive lava fields and heaths, the southwest has little farmland. In the southwest several fine natural harbours have directed interest toward the sea, and good fishing grounds lie off the shores of this region. Many Icelanders, for example, still believe in elves, trolls, and other figures in the mythical landscape of the Norse past, while even Icelanders who live in cities harbour a vision of their country as a pastoral land, in the words of Nobel Prize-winning author Halldór Laxness, of. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The basalt sheets tend to tilt somewhat toward the centre of the country. 5 years ago. Iceland is an island in Northern Europe that is located in the Atlantic Ocean near the Arctic circle. While it may be tempting to pick up your own rock while out hiking, it is against Icelandic law to remove them from their habitat. Iceland, like the United States, enacted a prohibition on alcoholic beverages in the early 1900s. ~982: Erik the Red discovers and names Greenland after being banned from Iceland. The following is a list of ten more facts to know about Reykjavik, Iceland: Iceland is known throughout the world for its beautiful and unspoilt nature, although recently, the country has gained further fame through its musical talents, its football team, its financial crisis and its erupting volcanoes. We have compiled for you the Ultimate Bucket List of the Must-See Icelandic Waterfalls, and we suggest that you try to see as many of them on your visit to Iceland! The glaciers are a reminder of Iceland’s proximity to the Arctic Circle, which nearly touches its northernmost peninsula. Its population is surpassed by countries such as Luxembourg, Fiji and Brunei and more than 50 American cities, including New Orleans, Tulsa and the California home of Disneyland. More . Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 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